Writing a critical essay

The words “criticism” and “criticize” for many are associated with condemnation, identification of negative sides. It may seem to you that writing a critical essay boils down to breaking down all the author’s arguments and showing how weak his work is. But in fact it is not so.
What is a critical essay?
Let’s start with the fact that criticism involves analysis, which reveals both negative and positive aspects of the phenomenon under consideration. A critical essay is a type of essay in which it is necessary to analyze and evaluate a scientific work (thesis, article, report) or a work of art.
Students can be given the task to write a critical essay in order to develop their critical thinking, because in the process of work they will learn to identify contradictions in the work, find mistakes, inaccuracies, see the strengths and weaknesses of the work, as well as to verify the authenticity of certain arguments.
Technique of work with the original
1. The first thing to stock up on a copy of the original work. If this is a scientific article or a short story, you will not be difficult to make a photocopy. The situation is more complicated with a voluminous work like a dissertation or a capacious art book. If the work exists in electronic form, you can review it on a computer, for example, using the review tools in Microsoft Word. In other cases, you will have to make all the entries in the notebook for notes.
2. If the work is small, read it first to get a General idea of it. Describe in any form your impression of the work, and make a short summary. In case of hard work, read separate chapters and describe your impression of each of them. In large works, it makes sense to immediately make the necessary notes (see below).
3. When re-reading, pay attention to details. If this is a scientific work, check the reasonableness of the proposed thesis, pay attention to the logical harmony, completeness, clarity of presentation and other points. In fiction should pay attention to the product developed in the story lines, elaboration of the characters, the originality of the plot, the presence of the culmination and more.
Emphasize everything that puzzled or angered you. Write down questions in the fields or in a notebook, note inaccuracies, weak and strong places of work. All this will help you in your future essay writing.
The technique of writing a critical essay
1. In the water part of the critical essay should identify the work itself and its author. It is recommended to note the regalia of the scientist or writers, as well as the date of publication of his work.
2. Briefly describe the problem raised in the paper. In the case of scientific work, be sure to indicate the purpose of the work, the main scientific statement and arguments of the author.
3. Describe the author’s experience. When considering the scientific work, be sure to find out how the scientist is authoritative in the scientific community. Authority is confirmed by publications in important publications, high citation of previously published works, the presence of scientific papers, titles, degrees, etc.Pay attention to how the scientist is correct and accurate in the work. Whether uses outdated or doubtful from the point of view of science sources of information, whether always confirms the arguments, whether consistently States material?
If we are talking about the writer, pay attention to his experience. Be sure to note in the essay that the author is new to this activity, or list his merits if he is an experienced writer. In the second case, compare his skills in the current and first works.
4. Move on to the main part of the essay, which should be larger in volume than the introduction and conclusion.
In the case of writing a critical essay on scientific work, the main part should be devoted to the presence of arguments in the work and the identification of counterarguments. Determine what is described in the paper is too vague and requires further explanation, which is ambiguous, which requires new research. Perhaps you think the author introduced the system or the technique is too complex for implementation in a specific area. Explain your point of view and offer solutions to the problem. At the same time, although it is an essay, in its style it should be closer to research works (diploma, course, dissertation) than to literature.
When writing an essay on an art work, the emphasis make on opened by the author of the problem, the construction of image system, the disclosure of the characters, the use of original artistic techniques, etc. Describe the most successful and unsuccessful moments. Such an essay should be more artistic than a scientific version. Use the literary techniques known to you, write vividly and vividly, giving successful comparisons to your essay something hooked the reader and made him want to read the original.
5. Proceed to conclusion. Provide your overall opinion of the analyzed work. Do you agree with the author’s arguments? Suggest your solutions that you have come to as you read the materials: what can be improved or supplemented. Also indicate in conclusion, what is the significance of the work done by the author. If he is a scientist, his work should have some significance for the further development of science. The writer may have managed to reveal acute social problems, describe a new culture or do other important work for the society.
6. Re-read your critical essay and make any necessary adjustments to: correct errors, remove irrelevant phrases, strengthen weak areas. At the same time, be sure to make sure that your work is written in a friendly tone and does not contain unacceptable attacks against the author in the form of hidden or explicit insults.
7. Do not forget to properly arrange the essay, maintaining its structure. In the design you will also help our articles from the section

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